• Latviešu
  • Līvõ kēļ
  • English

Livodkuor.lv has been created
with support of the Ministery
of  Culture of the Republic
of Latvia 

KMLogo

 

LojaLogoKuor 1

PrintE-mail

Juhan Aavik

06 Aavik

Juhans Āviks (ig. - Juhan Aavik) - dzimis 1884.gada 29.janvārī Tallinā – miris 1982.gada 26.novembrī Stokholmā) – igauņu komponists, diriģents, mūzikas pedagogs. Pirmos soļus mūzikas pasaulē spēris pateicoties savam tēvam Andresam Āvikam, kurš paralēli savam skolmeistara darbam bijis arī kora un pūtēju orķestra diriģents.

J. Āviks studējis Sanktpēterburgas konservatorijā, 1907.gadā absolvējis V.Vurma trompetes klasi, 1911.gadā absolvējis mūzikas teorijas un kompozīcijas klasi, kur skolojies pie tādiem atzītiem meistariem, kā A.Ļadovs, N.Solovjovs, J.Vītols un A.Glazunovs.

Vēlāk strādājis kā Tartu teātra „Vanemuine” muzikālais direktors (1911-1914) un diriģents (1911-1923), pedagogs Tartu mūzikas augstskolā. Vēlāk bijis Tallinas „Estonia” teātra diriģents (1925-1933), igauņu dziesmu svētku virsdiriģents un profesors Tallinas konservatorijā. Kļūstot par Tallinas konservatorijas rektoru (1933-1944), 1935.gadā iniciējis valsts īstenoto konservatorijas pārņemšanu.

1944.gadā emigrējis uz Zviedriju, kur turpinājis savu aktīvo darbību. Komponējis gan tikai līdz 60.-to gadu vidum, īpaši pievēršoties mūzikas teorijas un vēstures jautājumiem. J.Āviks ir nozīmīgu publikāciju autors – „Eesti muusika ajalugu” (Igauņu mūzikas vēsture, 4 sējumi, Stokholma, 1965-1969), „Muusika radadelt” (No mūzikas ceļiem, Toronto, 1959).

No 1948. līdz 1961.gadam bijis igauņu dziesmu svētku Zviedrijā virsdiriģents.

J.Āvika radošajā darbībā, līdztekus lielas formas darbiem – koncertiem, 2 simfonijām, operai „Rudens sapņi”, rekviēmam, opusiem simfoniskajam orķestrim un kamermūzikas darbiem, būtisku nozīmi ieņem kora literatūra. Viņa izteiksmes līdzekļi ir liriski, muzikālais materiāls bieži vien sakņots folklorā. Rakstījis visu veidu koriem, arī bērnu kormūziku.

Dažas Juhana Āvika dziesmas, veicot arī savus tekstu pārlikumus, līvu kormūzikā adaptējis Kārlis Stalte (krājums „Līvõkīel lōlõd”, Dziesmas līvu valodā, Helsinki, 1929).


 

PrintE-mail

Dzintars Kļaviņš

07 Klavins

Dzintars Kļaviņš (born 18 May 1928 in Valmiera – died 23 June 2007 in Riga) – musicologist, researcher of the Livonian cultural history and musical heritage, conductor of the Livonian singing group “Līvlist”. In the monthly “Līvli” in July 1993 Tõnu Karma, Estonian, researcher of the Livonian language and culture, and bibliographer, published an article congratulating D. Kļaviņš on his 65th birthday and compared his contribution to that made by Johann Gottfried Herder in the Latvian culture.

Dzintars Kļaviņš first turned to the Livonian musical heritage when he was getting ready for the 1957 World Youth and Student Festival in Moscow. The young music teacher established Ventini and Livonian singing group in Ventspils; in co-operation with Alfreds Ruja they learned also dances, for example “Sārabumbal”. Materials were written down in Kolka and other villages from tellers, and he met the Livonian Sunday school teacher of the 1920s-1930s Mārtiņs Lepste.

On 8 January 1972, the newly established Livonian singing group “Līvlist” had their first practice in Riga with the teachers they chose by themselves– Dzintars and his spouse Dzidra Kļaviņa.

The first repertoire in Riga was created in co-operation with Pēteris Dambergs, who had a good knowledge of the Livonian verbal and music folklore.

Dzintars Kļaviņš arranged Livonian melodies, wrote original songs, staged productions such as “Livonian Wedding in 19th Century” (1977-1979), “Winter Time Meti” (1982), suites “Livonian Children Songs” (1994) and “Livonian Play Songs” (1996); “Livonian Mass” that was composed by Dzintars Kļaviņš was performed in Bolderaja church on his 75th birthday.
Three-song cycle for mixed voices choir “Līvõ triptih” (Livonian tryptich) by Dzintars Kļaviņs should be noted as a successful piece of music.

Dzintars Kļaviņš made an effort to ensure that the singing group would always have a conductor, so that singers would not lose joy in practices and many concerts, and so that they would always have songs that they and the audience would like and understand, because above all there was the main task – the Livonian language.


   

PrintE-mail

Miina Härma

05 haerma

Miina Härma (born Hermann) –born on 9 February 1864 in Kõrvekül; died on 16 November 1941 in Tartu. She was a well known Estonian composer, organ player, conductor (the first professional female musician and second Estonian musician to have higher education).

Miina was born in the family of musically-educated teachers. She started to learn the basics of music as a child by playing small organ bought by her father. At the age of 15, Miina started to learn piano and composition under the guidance of Karl August Hermann. The first choir song (“Isamaa, õitse sa” – Bloom, Fatherland!) was written already in 1880. In 1883 Miina entered the Saint Petersburg Conservatorium as the only student in the organ class that year. Due to the limited employment possibilities in the Baltic governorates, M. Härma stayed in Saint Petersburg also after the graduation from the conservatorium in 1890. She worked as a private tutor and organ player, and established Estonian children’s choir in 1892.

The 5th Estonian Song Festival in 1984 was a strong impulse for the development of M. Härma’s creative work. She returned to Tartu where she established her own choir, actively performed as an organ player (also abroad), introducing the highest calibre music to her compatriots in rural churches in Estonia. M. Härma continued to propagate the educational work as musician’s most important weapon throughout her life.

From 1903 to 1915 M. Härma lived in Kronstadt (Russia) where she worked as a piano teacher and organ player. After moving back to Tartu M. Härma got actively involved in the Estonian music life, initiated the establishment of several music schools, and supported the creation of Tartu Composers’ Union in 1919. A gymnasium in Tartu has been named after her.

Choral and vocal music pieces (over 200 choir and solo songs), organ music, a canto “Kalev and Linda”, and the first Estonian musical piece for stage – musical comedy “Murueide tütar” are the most significant works of M. Härma’s creative work. Musical means of expression in her compositions are characterized by both the influences of Saint Petersburg and Scandinavians, and national romanticism. M. Härma widely used folklore motives and folk song arrangements. Sometimes the simple and northern ascetism (which might seem even a little naïve) was replaced by attempts to grasp bigger forms. The more developed music culture of the kindred Finns had great influence on that.

   

PrintE-mail

Kōrli Stalte

04 stalte

Kārlis Stalte (Livonian: Kōrli Stalte) – born on 10 August 1870 in Kesteri, Mazirbe. Graduate of the Riga Governorate Gymnasium. Worked as a civil servant in Riga and Liepaja, as a teacher in Dundaga and Mazirbe, and as a sacristan and organ player in Mazirbe; he was also the teacher of the Livonian language in Lielirbe, and the editor-in-chief of the monthly “Līvli” (1933-1939).

K. Stalte started writing in 1919. His works were published in Livonian books, calendars, and in “Līvli”. K. Stalte’s collection of poems was published in 1924 in Tallinn; in 1937-1942 the New Testament, translated in Livonian by K. Stalte, was published in Helsinki. K. Stalte is the author of the first Livonian ABC book and the fist elder of the Livonian Union (1923). K. Stalte’s poetry is included also in the modern Livonian collections of poems.

K. Stalte’s daughter Margareta Stalte was an active Livonian cultural worker in the 1920s and 1930s; she was the conductor of Mazirbe choir and wrote some songs using the lyrics written by her father.

In 1939, following his spouse who was of the Baltic German origin, K. Stalte emigrated to Germany. He died on 12 January 1947 in Germany, and he is buried there.

   

PrintE-mail

Fredrik Pacius

03 Pacius

Fredrik Pacius – born on 19 March 1809 in Hamburg, died on 8 January 1891 in Helsinki. German composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland, where he was actively participating in the creation of the Finnish music culture and earned epithet the “father of Finnish music”.

 

Pacius was appointed music teacher at the University of Helsinki in 1834. In Helsinki he founded a musical society, the student choir Akademiska Sångföreningen and an orchestra. In 1848 Pacius wrote the music to the poem “Vårt land” by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, which was to become Finland’s national anthem. Pacius’s music was also used for the Estonian national anthem “Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja room” and the Livonian national anthem “Min izāmō, min sindimō”.

 

In 1852 he composed “Kung Karls jakt” (The Hunt of King Charles) which was the first Finnish opera. The libretto, which was written by Zacharias Topelius in close collaboration with the composer, was written in the style of Romantic nationalism. Balancing between the influences of the Swedes and Russian, it was designed to convince Finland’s grand duke (i.e. the Russian Emperor Nicholas I) of the total loyalty of his subjects in Finland.
His compositions also include several other operas, a symphony, a violin concerto, a string quartet and some pieces of choral music.

 

Fredrik Pacius is a notable figure in the Livonian choral music as the composer of the anthem.

 


   

Page 1 of 2

<< Start < Prev 1 2 Next > End >>
joomla template